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Home arrow Ships arrow Submarines arrow 1/72 Revel U-Boat V-IIC Wolf Pack (U-564 cutaway look) by Frank Dargies
1/72 Revel U-Boat V-IIC Wolf Pack (U-564 cutaway look) by Frank Dargies
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headDASBOOT

Frank "ripper" Dargies has Finished one of the most incredible sub's builds to date. My Jaws are still laying on the floor... No words left Franck... CONGRATULATIONS my friend...

1/72 Revel U-Boat V-IIC Wolf Pack

(U-564 cutaway look)

by Frank Dargies

Part 1 - 2 & 3

headDASBOOT

LINE RED

HISTORY

U-564 type VIIc WolfPack

Type

VIIC


Ordered 24 Oct 1939  
Laid down 30 Mar 1940 Blohm & Voss, Hamburg (werk 540)
Launched 7 Feb 1941  
Commissioned 3 Apr 1941 Oblt. Reinhard Suhren (Oak Leaves with Swords)
Commanders
3 Apr 1941 - 1 Oct 1942 KrvKpt. Reinhard Suhren (Knights Cross)
1 Oct 1942 - 14 Jun 1943 Oblt. Hans Fiedler
Career 9 patrols
3 Apr 1941 - 1 Jun 1941 1. Flottille (training)
1 Jun 1941 - 14 Jun 1943 1. Flottille (front boat)
Successes 18 ships sunk for a total of 95,544 GRT
1 warship sunk for a total of 900 tons
4 ships damaged for a total of 28,907 GRT
Fate

Sunk at 1730hrs on 14 June, 1943 north-west of Cape Ortegal, Spain, in position 44.17N, 10.25W, by depth charges from a British Whitley aircraft (10 OTU/G). 28 dead and 18 survivors.

Wolfpack operations

U-564 operated with the following Wolfpacks during its career:

Natter (1 Nov 1942 - 8 Nov 1942)
Westwall (25 Nov 1942 - 25 Dec 1942)
Seeteufel (21 Mar 1943 - 30 Mar 1943)
Lowenherz (3 Apr 1943 - 7 Apr 1943

Attacks on this boat

24 Oct 1941
After some successful attacks in the morning against convoy HG-75, U-564 was attacked twice in the evening, first by an aircraft with one bomb and 3 hours later by an escort with depth charges. The boat sustained no damage.

13 Jun 1943
Aircraft attack, aircraft shot down:British Sunderland (228 Sqdn RAF/U, pilot F/O L.B. Lee)

At 18.59 hours, a group of five outbound boats (U-185, U-358, U-564, U-634 and U-653) were attacked by the Sunderland northwest of Cape Finisterre. The aircraft singled out U-564, dropped its bombs and crashed in flames after being hit by the intense AA fire, all 11 crew members were killed. The badly damaged boat turned back under escort by U-185, but was sunk by aircraft the next day.

(Sources: Franks/Zimmerman)

14 Jun 1943
Aircraft attack, aircraft shot down: British Whitley Mk.V BD220 (10 OTU RAF/G, pilot Sgt A.J. Benson)

The sinking of U-564 At 14.39 hours, two inbound boats were spotted by the Whitley in the Bay of Biscay and shadowed. U-564 was unable to dive after an air attack the day before and was escorted back to France by U-185. At 16.45 hours, the fuel of the aircraft was running low and the pilot decided to attack U-564. Both boats opened fire and hit the bomber, but its depth charges caused more damages on the boat and she sank at 17.30 hours. The hydraulics and the starboard engine of the Whitley were damaged, so the crew was forced to ditch and ended up as German prisoners after being picked up by a French trawler.

The commander and 17 crewmen were picked up by U-185, which transferred them to the German destroyer Z-24 two hours later and then continued her patrol. The Canadian Hampden aircraft X2961 (415 Sqdn RCAF/S, pilot S/L J.G. Stronach) arrived in the area around the time of the air attack, but was shot down by a German Ju88C fighter (15./KG 40, Hptm Hans Morr) with the loss of all four crewmen. (Sources: Franks/Zimmerman/Goss)

3 recorded attacks on this boat.

(source: http://uboat.net/boats/u564.htm)

KIT

In March 2008, I started my project "U-564", a VIIc u-boat under command by Kapitaenleutnant Reinhard „Teddy“ Suhren.
I decided to build the U-564 because i found perfect references in the book:

“U-boat War Patrol: The Hidden Photographic Diary of U-564” (ISBN 1591148901)
In summer 1942 a war correspondent attended a war patrol of U-564 and made lots of photos of all areas. This photos were stored in a shoe box and detected about 60 Years later in England. Lawrence Paterson assembled them in his book.
This will be my largest project, because i will apply most of all detail sets, who are designed for this model.

CONSTRUCTION

u564_010

I completed the first sections of interior, the engine room, officers ward room and kitchen

and used therefore CMK’s correspondent kits and some parts from CMK’s „Provision“ and „Crew at Rest“ Sets.

Both sections were supplemented by some scratch built parts, for example the diesel control station with various controls, instruments and engine telegraph, the diesel engine with pipelines and indicator valves, the Galley with sink and water taps, lavatory used as provision store, officers ward room with table, alarm bell and open bulkhead and battery room with bus bars and service platform. Not to forget the crew at rest and the machine operators.

After one year (with summer break) i finished now the construction of all interior parts.

u564_001 u564_002 u564_003 u564_004

u564_008

u564_005 u564_006 u564_007 u564_009

I completed the last two sections of interior: command section, bow torpedo room and used therefore CMK’s correspondent kits „CMK Command Section“ and „CMK Torpedo Section“ and some parts from CMK’s „Provision Set“.

For the crew I took some figures from the sets: „CMK Crew at Rest II“ „CMK Crew with Binoculars“ „CMK Armament Crew in Port“.

Both sections were supplemented by some scratch built parts again. In this case: additional valves, handwheels and tubes, handholds, compass, engine telegraphs,rudder indicator, speaking tubes, helmstand, nautical charts.

Open torpedo tube, air and waterpipes, firing lever and torpedo loading device.

Of course the crew is working as well. ;o)

bugraum_008zent_003

bugraum_002 bugraum_003 bugraum_004 bugraum_006

bugraum_007 bugraum_009 zent_002 zent_004

zent_001 zent_005 zent_006 zent_007

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bugraum_001

The Interior's Items

following CMK sets were used:

• Engine Room

• Officers Ward Room & Galley

• Command Section

• Torpedo Section

Everything was supplemented by various parts and figures from the CMK sets:

• Proviant Set

• Crew at Rest Part I and II

• Crew with Binoculars

• Armament Crew in Port

All sections were supplemented by various scratchbuilt parts, for example:

The diesel control station including controls, instruments and engine telegraph.

Pipelines and indicator valves were added to the diesel engine, sink and water taps were added to the Galley, the lavatory used as provision store was newly built, a table, alarm bell and open bulkhead were added to the officers ward room and the battery room was supplemented by bus bars and maintenance platform.

Command and torpedo section with additional valves, handwheels and tubes, handholds, compass, engine telegraphs, rudder angle indicator, speaking tubes, helmstand, nautical charts,

open torpedo tube, air and waterpipes, firing lever and torpedo loading device.

For all rooms, an illumination of 16V bulbs was installed.

These are supplied by a 9V battery, which gives a suitably subdued light.

Not missing of course, the crew at rest, the machine operators, command and torpedo room crew.

The following interior colors were used:

Interior above floor:  RAL 9003   (Revell 5 matt white with 2% Humbrol 41 Ivory)

Interior below floor:  RAL 9002   (Revell 5 matt white / Revell 69 gray granite 98% / 2%)

Interior other parts : RAL 7000    (Revell 57 dark grey)

Various ModelMaster Metalizer, Washing / Weathering with pastel chalks and artist oils in brown and black tones.

Engine room, officers and command section were glued into one complete unit.

The Hull

In advance I prepared the cut-outs in the starboard hull half. The halves and interior were fit together without glue at first, to make corrections. Here it had to be kept in mind that the visible part of the pressure hull (Upper Pressure Hull by Yankee Modelworks) would be installed later.

Many phases of construction are to plan ahead and you need to think very carefully before you stick something together!

Before the interior was glued in, I did all the work on the hull halves:

All upper flooding holes were opened, they partially had to be filled and redrilled.

The lower sections of the flooding holes were cut out of the hull and replaced with the correct detailed brass parts from the U-Brass Flood Kit.

The whole area of the torpedo doors was removed and rebuilt, the upper starboard torpedo door is shown openly.

The indicated doses of the sonar device were sanded off, drilled out and replaced with  pieces of copper wire. The anchor bay was moved forward  7 mm, because its position was wrong (left as it was before, the anchor would have fallen onto the forward dive plane ...).

The inspection hatches of the saddle tanks (Model Brass Deck Set) were gently countersunk  with a hot soldering iron and sanded over, various parts from the Eduard Photoetched Set were used.

All sanded rivets were pierced again by using a special tool.

Archer Transfers now supplies  resin rivet heads , which are glued on a decal sheet in correct distance. I think, this would give a much more realistic effect.

Finally, the two hull halves  were primed, some now visible gaps and errors were corrected and the halves were primed again.

Then the interior sections were glued into the left fuselage half and finally both halves were glued together.

U-564-02 U-564-03 U-564-05 U-564-06 U-564-04

U-564-07 U-564-09 U-564-10 U-564-08 U-564-11

The Upper Pressure Hull

Next the pressure hull was adjusted. As provided for installation without interior sections, it had to be adapted completely, ground down  to a thickness of about 3 mm (with a grinder, dust mask ... and do it outdoors !) and cut into separate pieces.

In addition, parts from the CMK Kit Winch For Loading Torpedoes and Rear Torpedoes Loading Hatch (by the way, the name is wrong, it is not at the aft torpedo loading hatch, but a pressure-proof deck tube) were fit into place. As a result of this, the exhaust system had to be rebuilt too.

The attachment for the windlass has been redesigned and equipped with a chain.

The lower part of the conning tower pressure hull  was missing and therefore rebuilt.

After assembling the individual parts of the upper pressure hull,  89 bars were made from plastic sheet

and glued in, because the long horizontal flood hole was previously opened, so the bars are now visible from outside.

The Deck

Time for the installation of the deck (Model Brass Deck Set).

The three deck parts fit pretty well, but the entire deck had to be underlined with plastic strips, otherwise it would have been too low.

To begin at the bow: Here I inserted a brass tube, to represent the “bull nose” for the tow hook.

U-564-15

The cut-outs for the front torpedo loading hatch and the aft torpedo deck tube had to be done

before  installing the three deck sections on the hull, even during  installation of the upper pressure hull they had to be accurately measured and adjusted.

U-564-13 U-564-14 U-564-16 U-564-17

The hatches of the pressure-resistant container for the “Marcks” life rafts have been completely

redesigned and provided with the hinge-arms from the Eduard Photo Etched Set.

All deck covers, hinges, the anti slip strips around the 8.8 gun and the capstan are also taken from this set.

The aft tripod supports for the antenna wires were built new, because the Revell parts were too high, as well as the railings and the two boat hooks. All parts were made of 0.6 mm brass wire.

After installation of the deck, the hull was painted:

Hull Top:           RAL 7000 =  Revell 57

Hull bottom:      RAL 7016 =  Revell 77

Upper deck:      Mix of "Vallejo Model Color" Black-Grey 862, 984 Matt Brown, 913 Ochre

The Wooden decks of the original boats were painted with a black wood preservative  “Teerfirnis TF99” or Carbolineum”, the iron deck parts were black.

But because of weathering the black wood preservative became a brighter gray-brown, especially at the deck areas, which were entered more frequently by the crew.

After painting, the AMP Waterline Decals were applied. Then the hull was filtered, washed and weathered by artist oils, pastel chalk and pigments. Finally, everything was sealed with matt varnish.

Two brass propellers from Raboesch were used. They were brought into the right shape and weathered. Therefore I placed them  in a salt / vinegar mixture for a few days to produce a slight corrosion.

U-564-20 U-564-21

The 8.8 Deck Gun

The deck gun is a mix of Revell, CMK and Eduard parts.

The gun carriage from the Revell kit was used.This time the CMK part (Exterior Set Part 1 - Turret) was much worse. The gun barrel was taken from CMK. All other parts were scratch-built.

U-564-18 U-564-19

(Work load for the gun with prior research took about 10 hours…)

The Conning Tower

First of all, an inner pressure hull and some air vents for the inner side of the conning tower were built, because they will later be visible through the deck.

From the Revell Kit I took only the lower and upper conning tower halves, the rest is unfortunately inadequate and primitive detailed, so I didn’t use these parts.

The tower halves were completely revised, all doors sanded off and replaced by Eduard and U-Brass Photo Etched  parts.

Various openings were created, railing and steps were made from brass wire.

The entire area of stern light, and the stern light itself were redesigned, the insulators for antenna wires added, and the conning tower deck replaced with the Model Brass part.

The eyelets round the rear conning tower deck (called "Wintergarten"), are designed for the Revell railing, which is much too thick. So they were sanded off and an outline from plastic sheet was placed around the deck.  You will not find these eyelets on an original boat by the way…

U-564-22 U-564-23 U-564-24 U-564-25 U-564-26 U-564-27

A wooden template was made, and a new railing from 0.6 mm brass wire was soldered.

After adding some additional details to the conning tower deck area, tower and deck were painted.

The two top part walls were sanded from the inside, the upper edges and rigging clamps corrected and holes with arresting eyelets for the bridge crew added.

The housing for the loop antenna was extended downward, wood paneling, folding seats, running boards, grilles for Diesel air intakes, a voice tube, rudder indicator and compass were mounted.

Outside the walls, the brackets for life rings, the wind deflector and railings from brass wire were brought in place.

The navigation lights were made from clear plastic and the holes for front antenna insulator and typhoons were redesigned.

After painting the top parts, the ULAD Decal "Three Times Black Cat", (an old German magic spell) was set.

The housing for the observation scope was scratchbuilt; neither Revell nor CMK parts were designed correctly.

UZO (U-boat target visor) pillar, main hatch, attack periscope housing and 2cm flak gun were built scratch and supplemented by various Eduard and CMK parts, the gun barrel was taken from Schatton.

For the observation scope itself, the Revell part was chosen, the attack scope was taken from the

CMK (Exterior Set Part1 - Turret) and was supplemented with 0.1 mm copper wire twisted around to simulate "steel cables” that reduced the water turbulence and vibrations during periscope operation.

Thus, the conning tower was completed and the whole construction was mounted on the hull.

U-564-28 U-564-30 U-564-29 U-564-38 U-564-39 

PAINTING

For the interior paint I used following colors:

Inside above floor: RAL 9003 = Revell 5 matt white mit 2% Humbrol 41 Ivory

Inside below floor: RAL 9002 = Revell 5 matt white / Revell 69 granite grey (98% / 2%)

Insid misc: RAL 7000 = Revell 57 matt grey

Also used:

Various ModelMaster Metalizer, washing and weathering with artist oils in brown and black

ADDITIONAL

U-564-34

LINE RED

U-564-31 U-564-32 U-564-33 U-564-35
U-564-36 U-564-37 U-564-41 U-564-42

LINE RED

U-564-40

CONCLUSSION

At last, the torpedo-loading tray from the CMK Winch For Loading Torpedoes set was assembled and a Schatton brass torpedo installed.

A difficult task was the rigging, this time the supplied blocks / insulators from Revell were  not too large, but too small ... and not constructed like the original. Again the only solution was to build them from scratch

The blocks were handmade from wood (20 pieces), the line tensioners (11 pieces) were included in the U-Brass Set. Everything was rigged with 0.6 mm Dacron cord.

Finally, the boat was supplemented by the deck crew figures from
CMK and Hecker&Goros.

Now, in July 2011 the project U 564 is finished after a construction time of three years and four months.

U 564 sunk at 14.06.1943 in the Biscay under command of Oblt.z.S. Hans Fiedler northwest Cape Ortegal under attack by depth charges of a Whitley G from British Operational Training Unit Squadron 10.

U-564-43

REFERENCES

Lawrence Paterson „U 564 auf Feindfahrt – 70 Tage an Bord“ ISBN 3-613-02528-0

Fritz Brustat-Naval / Teddy Suhren „Nasses Eichenlaub“ ISBN 3-7822-0734-3

Köhl/Niestle  „Uboottyp VIIc Vom Original zum Modell“ ISBN 3-7637-6002-4

More pictures, information and the progress of this project you will find on my www.dargies.de for U-564 build
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Text & Photos by Frank Dargies

 
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